The Saga of theCarson Family of Brazos County,Texas
  You are here: Home > Chapters > Chapter 3 - John Carson Sr

CHAPTER 3 - The John Carson Family

The following information is to be considered as "possible" inasmuch as there is very little information available on John Carson Sr., his wife, and children, other than John C. Carson (Jr.). From the censuses we know the age of John C. and his birthplace, as well as the ages and birthplaces of his children. Thus, we are certain that the John Carson family was in South Carolina from 1790 until 1816, when John C.'s daughter Sarah Ann Swan Carson was born, then in Franklin County, Alabama after 1818, when Thomas Henderson Carson was born.

Many suppositions have been made in the following, and research is continuing to correct and improve it.


17 John Sr. CARSON was in Abbeville County, South Carolina in the census of 1790. His family is listed as:
1 male under 16 (John C. would have been 4, since he was born in 1786)
2 males over 16
1 female
In the census of 1800, his family was listed as:
1 male under 10
2 males 10 to 16 (John C. would have been 14)
1 male 26 to 45
3 females under 10
1 female 10 to 16
1 female 26 to 45
12 slaves
In the census of 1810, his family was listed as:
3 males under 10
1 male 16 to 26 (John C. would have been 24)
1 male over 45
1 female 10 to 16
2 females 16 to 26 (Elizabeth Henderson Carson may be included here)
1 female over 45
21 slaves.

Based on the above, both John Sr. and his wife would have been born between 1755 and 1765. Of the census data for South Carolina during this period, only the John Carson family of Abbeville County, SC, meets the age criteria. Also, note that the information received on the Barbee Family stated that the father of Amelia (Barbee) Carson was John C. Carson Jr., indicating that John C.'s father was also a John, possibly a John C. Therefore, until better information is received, it will be deduced that the John discussed above is the father of John C. Carson of Brazos County, Texas.

There were 4 John Carsons serving in the Revolution from South Carolina, one of which subsequently migrated to Kentucky, one died in combat, and one is in the Thomas Carson family, leaving one likely candidate. This John Carson served in the militia from 14 September, 1779 to 15 November, 1781.

John C. Carson may have served in the military during the War of 1812, as there was a John Carson, private, Austin's Regiment of South Carolina Militia.

There was a sale of land in Abbeville County, South Carolina, on 12 March, 1817, in the vicinity of Rehobeth Church. James Henderson Sr. (who may be related to Elizabeth Henderson Carson), sold land to John Carson Sr. and James Carson. Also among the buyers were Ellender Henderson, Richard Henderson Sr., Lee Henderson, and Mathew Henderson. These are probably all related to John C. Carson and Elizabeth (Henderson) Carson.

Nothing else is known of John Sr. Carson or his wife, the mother of John C. Carson

Children of John Sr. CARSON and (18) Unknown CARSON were:
+16 John C. Carson

16 John C. CARSON was born in 1786 in Abbeville Co., SC. He appeared on the census of Franklin Co., AL in 1820. The census shows 2 males over 21, 3 males under 21, 1 female over 21, 1 female under 21, and 6 slaves. He appeared on the census of 1830, also in Franklin Co., AL. John S. Carson appeared on the census in 1840 in Franklin Co., AL, and was in Harrison Co., MS in the census of 1850. According to the census, his grandson, Nathan F. Pickens, age 5, born in AL, was living with John S. (It is assumed that NFPs parents had died, probably in an epidemic). He first appeared on the tax rolls of Leon County, Texas in 1853, with no land owned but having 12 slaves, a horse, and 8 cows, for a total taxable value of $6750 (a substantial sum in those days). He was on the tax rolls in 1857, owning 11 slaves, 4 horses, 11 cows, and having a total value of $6750. He was in Brazos Co., TX in the 1860 slave census, and had 14 slaves. He was in the 1860 census in Brazos Co., TX, and had 15 acres of improved land, 1271 acres not improved. According to the tax rolls of 1860, his cash value was $6430, with property worth $12,223 based on 14 slaves, 6 horses, and 41 cows. He owned a total of 1456 acres.

His will was probated on 16 March, 1865 (he had died on 11 March, 1865, shortly before the end of the War of Northern Aggression). Conditions of the will were as follows: to Nathan F. Carson, $730 and two slaves, Anthony and Eda, valued at $1880; to Thomas H. Carson, $300 and three slaves, Julia, Jerry and Isaac, valued at $1600; to James R. Carson, the 412 acre homestead and slaves Henry and Mary, valued at $1830, to Sarah Ann. S. McDonald (of MS), two slaves, John and Jane, valued at $1700;to Emily D. Thetford, two slaves Mahala and Silva, valued at $ Margaret W. Thetford, three slaves, Eda, Aaron, and Ella, valued at $1700; to Amelia W. Barbee, a slave and her child, Matilda and Charles, and a woman named Charlotte; all valued at $1700; to Nathan F. Pickens, $400. The remainder of the estate is to be sold and divided equally among all the children.

He was married to (19) Elizabeth (Henderson) CARSON, who it is believed was born in South Carolina, and died in 1846, either in Alabama or Mississippi. Nothing else is known of her. Children of John C. CARSON and Elizabeth (Henderson) CARSON were:
+63 Nathan Franklin CARSON
+64 Thomas Henderson CARSON (note his middle name)
+65 James R. CARSON
+66 Sarah Ann Swan (Carson) McDONALD [see chapter 14}
+67 Emily D. (Carson) THETFORD
+68 Margaret W. A. (Carson) THETFORD
+69 Amelia W. (Carson) BARBEE [see chapter 16]
+70 Susan Ann or Nancy (Carson) PICKENS (assumed mother of Nathan F.


1."Roster of South Carolina Patriots in the American Revolution", Bobby Gilmer Moss,
Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1983

2. "South Carolinians in the War of 1812",

3. The diary of Rev. W. S. South of Brazos County, Texas, which is in the Cushing Library,
Ruth Hull Papers, Texas A & M University Library, College Station, Brazos County,
Texas. (This pertains to the death of John S. Carson)

4. The journal of Emily McDonald Snowden, daughter of Sarah Ann Swan (Carson)
McDonald, and granddaughter of John C. Carson.

Return to Home Page or Chapter Index